Volume 40, Issue 6 p. 1469-1499
Invited Manuscript

Guidelines for obstetrical practice in Japan: Japan Society of Obstetrics and Gynecology (JSOG) and Japan Association of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (JAOG) 2014 edition

Hisanori Minakami

Corresponding Author

Hisanori Minakami

Hokkaido University Graduate School of Medicine, Sapporo

Reprint request to: Dr Hisanori Minakami, Hokkaido University Graduate School of Medicine, N15W7, Kita-ku, Sapporo 060-8638, Japan. Email: [email protected]Search for more papers by this author
Tsugio Maeda

Tsugio Maeda

Maeda Women's Clinic, Shizuoka

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Tomoyuki Fujii

Tomoyuki Fujii

Graduate School of Medicine, University of Tokyo

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Hiromi Hamada

Hiromi Hamada

Faculty of Medicine, University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba

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Yoshinori Iitsuka

Yoshinori Iitsuka

Chiba Kaihin Municipal Hospital

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Atsuo Itakura

Atsuo Itakura

Juntendo University School of Medicine

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Hiroaki Itoh

Hiroaki Itoh

Hamamatsu University School of Medicine

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Mitsutoshi Iwashita

Mitsutoshi Iwashita

Kyorin University School of Medicine, Mitaka

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Takeshi Kanagawa

Takeshi Kanagawa

Osaka University Graduate School of Medicine, Osaka

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Makoto Kanai

Makoto Kanai

Shinsyu University School of Medicine, Matsumoto

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Yoshio Kasuga

Yoshio Kasuga

Ashikaga Red Cross Hospital, Ashikaga

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Masakiyo Kawabata

Masakiyo Kawabata

Douai Memorial Hospital

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Kosuke Kobayashi

Kosuke Kobayashi

Asahi Central Hospital, Chiba

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Tomomi Kotani

Tomomi Kotani

Nagoya University Graduate School of Medicine

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Yoshiki Kudo

Yoshiki Kudo

Hiroshima University Graduate School of Medicine, Hiroshima

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Yasuo Makino

Yasuo Makino

Tokyo Women's Medical University Yachiyo Medical Center

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Shigeki Matsubara

Shigeki Matsubara

Jichi Medical University School of Medicine, Shimotsuke

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Hideo Matsuda

Hideo Matsuda

Matsuda Perinatal Clinic, Tokorozawa

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Kiyonori Miura

Kiyonori Miura

Nagasaki University Graduate School of Medicine, Nagasaki

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Takeshi Murakoshi

Takeshi Murakoshi

Seirei Hamamatsu General Hospital, Hamamatsu

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Jun Murotsuki

Jun Murotsuki

Miyagi Children's Hospital, Sendai

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Akihide Ohkuchi

Akihide Ohkuchi

Jichi Medical University School of Medicine, Shimotsuke

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Yasumasa Ohno

Yasumasa Ohno

Ohno Ladies Clinic, Iwakura

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Yoko Ohshiba

Yoko Ohshiba

Sanno Hospital

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Shoji Satoh

Shoji Satoh

Oita Prefectural Hospital, Oita

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Akihiko Sekizawa

Akihiko Sekizawa

Showa University School of Medicine

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Mayumi Sugiura

Mayumi Sugiura

Nagoya City University School of Medicine, Nagoya

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Shunji Suzuki

Shunji Suzuki

Katsushika Red Cross Hospital, Tateishi

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Tsuneo Takahashi

Tsuneo Takahashi

Yokohama City University Medical Center, Yokohama

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Yuki Tsukahara

Yuki Tsukahara

National Center for Child Health and Development, Tokyo

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Nobuya Unno

Nobuya Unno

Kitasato University School of Medicine, Sagamihara, Japan

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Hiroyuki Yoshikawa

Hiroyuki Yoshikawa

Faculty of Medicine, University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba

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First published: 02 June 2014
Citations: 289

Abstract

The ‘Clinical Guidelines for Obstetrical Practice, 2011 edition’ were revised and published as a 2014 edition (in Japanese) in April 2014 by the Japan Society of Obstetrics and Gynecology and the Japan Association of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. The aims of this publication include the determination of current standard care practices for pregnant women in Japan, the widespread use of standard care practices, the enhancement of safety in obstetrical practice, the reduction of burdens associated with medico-legal and medico-economical problems, and a better understanding between pregnant women and maternity-service providers. The number of Clinical Questions and Answers items increased from 87 in the 2011 edition to 104 in the 2014 edition. The Japanese 2014 version included a Discussion, a List of References, and some Tables and Figures following the Answers to the 104 Clinical Questions; these additional sections covered common problems and questions encountered in obstetrical practice, helping Japanese readers to achieve a comprehensive understanding. Each answer with a recommendation level of A, B or C was prepared based principally on ‘evidence’ or a consensus among Japanese obstetricians in situations where ‘evidence’ was weak or lacking. Answers with a recommendation level of A or B represent current standard care practices in Japan. All 104 Clinical Questions and Answers items, with the omission of the Discussion, List of References, and Tables and Figures, are presented herein to promote a better understanding among English readers of the current standard care practices for pregnant women in Japan.