Issue Contents

Volume 136, Issue 2

  • February 2017
  • Pages 113–251
Brief Detailed

SPECIAL COMMUNICATION

REVIEW ARTICLES

Obstetrics

A systematic review and meta‐analysis of the effect of prophylactic tranexamic acid treatment in major benign uterine surgery

Authors
Märta F. Topsoee, Annette Settnes, Bent Ottesen, Thomas Bergholt
First Published:
Vol:
136,
Pages:
120–127
DOI:
10.1002/ijgo.12047

The prophylactic use of tranexamic acid seems to significantly reduce operative bleeding in women undergoing elective cesarean delivery or abdominal myomectomy.

Gynecology

Systematic review of same‐day discharge after minimally invasive hysterectomy

Authors
Malene Korsholm, Ole Mogensen, Mette M. Jeppesen, Vibeke K. Lysdal, Koen Traen, Pernille T. Jensen
First Published:
Vol:
136,
Pages:
128–137
DOI:
10.1002/ijgo.12023

Same‐day discharge was appropriate for many patients undergoing minimally invasive hysterectomy; pre‐planning and patient selection were associated with increased odds of successful same‐day discharge.

Open Access

CLINICAL ARTICLES

Obstetrics

Maternal c‐reactive protein and oxidative stress markers as predictors of delivery latency in patients experiencing preterm premature rupture of membranes

Authors
Hyun Kyung Ryu, Jong Ho Moon, Hyun Ji Heo, Jong Woon Kim, Yoon Ha Kim
First Published:
Vol:
136,
Pages:
145–150
DOI:
10.1002/ijgo.12024

Maternal serum c‐reactive protein, lipid peroxide, and oxygen radical absorbance capacity were associated with the interval between preterm premature rupture of membranes and delivery.

Does breech delivery in an upright position instead of on the back improve outcomes and avoid cesareans?

Authors
Frank Louwen, Betty‐Anne Daviss, Kenneth C. Johnson, Anke Reitter
First Published:
Vol:
136,
Pages:
151–161
DOI:
10.1002/ijgo.12033

Upright maternal positions for vaginal breech delivery shortened the second stage and reduced numbers of maneuvers, maternal/neonatal injuries, and cesareans compared with a dorsal position.

Open Access

Decreased rates of shoulder dystocia and brachial plexus injury via an evidence‐based practice bundle

Authors
Laura E. Sienas, Herman L. Hedriana, Suzanne Wiesner, Barbara Pelletreau, Machelle D. Wilson, Laurence E. Shields
First Published:
Vol:
136,
Pages:
162–167
DOI:
10.1002/ijgo.12034

In a multicentered community‐based hospital system, implementation of risk assessment tools was associated with decreased rates of shoulder dystocia and brachial plexus injury.

Implementation of a modified obstetric early warning system to improve the quality of obstetric care in Zimbabwe

Authors
Abi Merriel, Bobb T. Murove, Samuel W.D. Merriel, Thabani Sibanda, Sikangezile Moyo, Joanna Crofts
First Published:
Vol:
136,
Pages:
175–179
DOI:
10.1002/ijgo.12028

Implementation of a modified obstetric early warning system in Zimbabwe has improved action on abnormal observations. This simple system can empower staff and improve care.

Maternal and newborn outcomes at a tertiary care hospital in Lusaka, Zambia, 2008–2012

Authors
Bellington Vwalika, Marie C.D. Stoner, Mulindi Mwanahamuntu, K. Cherry Liu, Eugene Kaunda, Getrude G. Tshuma, Somwe W. Somwe, Yusuf Ahmed, Elizabeth M. Stringer, Jeffrey S.A. Stringer, et al
First Published:
Vol:
136,
Pages:
180–187
DOI:
10.1002/ijgo.12036

Declines in several adverse pregnancy outcomes — including maternal mortality—were observed in a tertiary care setting in Lusaka, Zambia, from 2008 to 2012.

Association of previous severe low birth weight with adverse perinatal outcomes in a subsequent pregnancy among HIV‐prevalent urban African women

Authors
Marcela C. Smid, Yusuf Ahmed, Marie C.D. Stoner, Bellington Vwalika, Elizabeth M. Stringer, Jeffrey S.A. Stringer
First Published:
Vol:
136,
Pages:
188–194
DOI:
10.1002/ijgo.12040

Severe previous low birth weight (LBW) correlated with adverse perinatal outcomes and recurrence of LBW in subsequent delivery in a high HIV‐prevalent urban African population.

Associations between HIV, highly active anti‐retroviral therapy, and hypertensive disorders of pregnancy among maternal deaths in South Africa 2011–2013

Authors
Hannah M. Sebitloane, Jagidesa Moodley, Benn Sartorius
First Published:
Vol:
136,
Pages:
195–199
DOI:
10.1002/ijgo.12038

Among maternal‐deaths data from South Africa, HIV infection was associated with a reduced risk of hypertensive disorders of pregnancy being the underlying cause of death.

Gynecology

The impact of laparoscopic cystectomy on ovarian reserve in patients with unilateral and bilateral endometrioma

Authors
Abolfazl Mehdizadeh Kashi, Shahla Chaichian, Shideh Ariana, Masoumeh Fazaeli, Yousef Moradi, Mandana Rashidi, Zahra Najmi
First Published:
Vol:
136,
Pages:
200–204
DOI:
10.1002/ijgo.12046

Serum AMH levels, as a marker of ovarian reserve, were measured before laparoscopic cystectomy and 6 months post‐operatively. Lower AMH levels were observed post‐operatively.

Abortion choices among women in Cambodia after introduction of a socially marketed medicated abortion product

Authors
Khim Sotheary, Dianna Long, Gary Mundy, Yasmin Madan, Paul D. Blumenthal
First Published:
Vol:
136,
Pages:
205–209
DOI:
10.1002/ijgo.12022

The prevalence of unsafe abortion has decreased since introduction of an initiative for social marketing of medication abortion and provider training in Cambodia.

Effects of an intervention initiated by a national society to improve postabortion care in rural facilities in Burkina Faso

Authors
Sibraogo Kiemtoré, Hyacinthe Zamané, Danlotoma P. Kaïn, Yobi A. Sawadogo, Issa Ouédraogo, Ali Ouédraogo, Jean Lankoandé
First Published:
Vol:
136,
Pages:
215–219
DOI:
10.1002/ijgo.12031

An intervention initiated by the Society of Gynecologists and Obstetricians of Burkina Faso has improved the quality of postabortion care in rural health facilities.

Costs of integrating cervical cancer screening at an HIV clinic in Kenya

Authors
Elisabeth L. Vodicka, Joseph B. Babigumira, Marita R. Mann, Rose J. Kosgei, Fan Lee, Nelly R. Mugo, Timothy C. Okech, Samah R. Sakr, Louis P. Garrison Jr., Michael H. Chung
First Published:
Vol:
136,
Pages:
220–228
DOI:
10.1002/ijgo.12025

The estimates generated suggested that integrating cervical‐cancer screening into HIV clinics would be cost‐saving from a societal perspective compared with non‐integrated screening approaches.

A retrospective cohort study of hemostatic agent use during hysterectomy and risk of post‐operative complications

Authors
John A. Harris, Shitanshu Uppal, Neil Kamdar, Carolyn W. Swenson, Darrell Campbell, Daniel M. Morgan
First Published:
Vol:
136,
Pages:
232–237
DOI:
10.1002/ijgo.12037

Among women in Michigan, USA, the use of hemostatic agents during hysterectomy was associated with an increased rate of post‐operative complications.

BRIEF COMMUNICATIONS

Obstetrics

Cross‐sectional study of the ultrasonographic and hormonal characteristics of obstetric fistula patients with and without secondary amenorrhea

Authors
Jennifer H. Tang, Anne Z. Steiner, Angela M. Bengtson, Margaret Moyo, Mwawi Mwale, Bonus Makanani, Jeffrey P. Wilkinson
First Published:
Vol:
136,
Pages:
238–240
DOI:
10.1002/ijgo.12021

Significantly lower anti‐Müllerian hormone levels were observed among Malawian women with obstetric fistula who were experiencing amenorrhea compared with those not, regardless of age.

Gynecology

EDUCATION AND TRAINING

Obstetrics

Tertiary‐level study of the implementation of a technique checklist for cesarean deliveries at a university hospital in Uruguay

Authors
Stephanie Viroga, Gerardo Vitureira, Santiago Artucio, Washington Lauría
First Published:
Vol:
136,
Pages:
242–246
DOI:
10.1002/ijgo.12039

The implementation of a checklist for cesarean deliveries increased the application of peri‐operative techniques prescribed to reduce adverse events.

FIGO COMMITTEE REPORTS